So I learned about mulching, which is essentially something you put on the soil to protect your plants like, woodchips, or rocks. So in a farmers case residue from last years crop is like a mulch (if you do no-till). Like for example last year you had wheat in a field then this year you no-till soybeans into it, technically once the soybeans start to grow, the wheat stubble becomes a mulch. Mulch helps prevent disease from coming out of the ground when it rains and landing on the plant which could ruin in a farmers case your crop, or in a gardeners case your plant.
Then I learned about weeding. And that Mr. Dignam, pulls weeds out and talks about not using pesticides, but if you have a field full of army worm for example you will need to spray herbicides or else you’ll loose you crop!
Then I learned about good bugs, and bad bugs. For example a good bug is a bee for obvious reasons. And a bad bug which I already mentioned is army worms, which we had trouble with last year.
And if you read this good for you because on Wednesday I’m finally going down south so there will be many pictures to look at!
So to start of with I learned how to transplant (or whatever you want to call it) little shrubs like dog wood. So first your cut a small branch about two inches from the top and remove all the foliage except for a few of the top leaves then get a bin put holes in the bottom of it and then put sand in it. Make sure the sand is always wet. once the sand is watered transplant the trees into it then put a plastic garbage bag over it and in a year they should be ready to put into the ground!
Next I learned how to make a square foot garden with sinder blocks. So essentially all you do is make an about 4 feet long and wide wall of sinder blocks and that’s it!
Howdy I’m back again with another homeschool essay here it is.
I learned about how gardeners do compost. First we just dump it into a big pile and mix it up once a year. And gardeners tend to stir there compost once a week or every other week. Some use chicken wire to hold the compost, dig a hole or put it in a bin with ventilation so it does not stink.
In the video Mr. Dignam says do not put dead animals in compost, it brings disease, but since we do manure, or compost on such a large scale, if an animal ever dies which thankfully that does not happen too often we put it in our manure pile and since it’s so big it can fully compost a animal unlike garden composts. For example we have a 20 acre field of corn that we but manure (compost) on and it’s doing great compared to last years crop. The cobs are already denting unlike last year they where denting at the end of September.
Anyways I also learned about hydroponics, which my parents are against because you don’t use any soil for that, and the plant does not taste as good and pesticides and all of that stuff and it’s not good for you when you’re eating it. So hydroponics is when a plant is grown, with no soil, and only water, some people use fish poo to fertilize the plants. So know you are wandering how do they live? Well the plants essentially grow there roots into water with nutrients put into the water, but they don’t go to deep so they don’t drown.
Howdy! Sorry I’ve been gone all summer I decided to try to avoid going on my computer (although I did end up playing video games sometimes), In other news I bought a four-wheeler it’s a Yamaha moto 4 200 which happens to be the only model without suspension. I Also got a new buck, and I still have not got my tractor running yet as I got the radiator rebuilt and there is one hose left to replace then its complete.
In lesson 46 I learned about the electric clock.
So the original design was just a pendulum clock that had been electrified. And it was invented in London Great Britain by Alexander Bain in 1840. It’s important because before, mechanical clock were inaccurate by about fifteen minutes and know electric clock are of by the minute if not by the second!
Next, in lesson 47 I learned about blue prints. It was invented in 1842 by John Hershel in south Africa when he was on a vacation with his wife as they where studying plants and wanted a way to accurately have a way to copy them which is know used, in construction and so many more things!
In lesson 48 I learned about the stapler, it was invented in New York state USA, by Samuel Slocum, in 1841. When he wanted a way to make his product easier to ship to customers (I forget what it is) he invented the stapler to hold the paper together that was protecting his product.
Then in 49 I learned about grain elevators which I already know quiet a lot about but it was invented by Joseph Dart in 1842 In Buffalo new York not to long after the Eerie canal was built. When he needed a way to store grain he bought from boats passing by so the he could sell it over a wide distance.
En général, trois étapes sont nécessaires pour transformer une récolte verte en ce que l’on peut appeler du foin : la coupe, le séchage et la mise en balles. Ensuite, le foin doit être stocké correctement pour qu’il retienne les nutriments. Si le foin devient humide ou s’il est exposé au soleil, des nutriments peuvent être perdus.
Ceci était comment on récoltait le foin dans les 1800-1900:
Couper le foin
La coupe du foin a été et peut être effectuée de plusieurs manières.
À la main : Pendant des milliers d’années, le foin a été coupé avec des outils à main comme par exemple une faux.
Par machine hippomobile : Au XIXe siècle, de nombreuses machines permettant de couper le foin ont été inventées et pouvaient être tirées par des chevaux.
Par une machine tirée par un tracteur : Lorsque les tracteurs ont été inventés, la faucheuse à foin a également été améliorée.
Séchage du foin.
Les agriculteurs utilisent le râteau à foin à la ferme durant les années 1900, créant des andains de séchage.
Le foin doit sécher avant de pouvoir être mis en balles. Lorsque le foin est coupé, les agriculteurs le laissent dans le champ et le laissent sécher partiellement. Ensuite, le fermier ratisse le foin dans ce qu’on appelle des andains. La pluie peut endommager le foin le plus à ce stade. La pluie ralentit le processus de séchage, et trop de pluie peut faire que le foin commence à se gâter dans le champ.
Mise en balles de foin
Le premier équipement de mise en balles de foin a été inventé à la fin des années 1800. Ces premières presses à balles étaient stationnaires et le foin devait y venir. Le foin était transporté à la main dans des wagons qui transportaient ensuite le foin vers ces premières presses à balles, où la machine pressait le foin en balles carrées. Dans les années 1930, l’équipement de mise en balles de foin pouvait être tiré par des tracteurs et ramasser le foin du sol. Cela a permis à l’agriculteur d’économiser beaucoup de temps et d’énergie!
Stockage du foin
L’empilage est la plus ancienne méthode de stockage du foin, et différentes parties du monde ont empilé le foin différemment. Dans la prairie de l’Iowa dans les années 1840 et 1850, ces cheminées servaient parfois de logement pour les animaux. Au fur et à mesure que la ferme s’améliore, de plus grandes granges étaient construites qui peuvent stocker plus que des outils et des semences. Les grandes granges contenaient souvent d’énormes quantités de foin empilées au centre. En 1900, le foin en vrac était entreposé dans la grange. Le foin était transporté par chariot à la grange où il serait mis dans le grenier à foin.
So to start of with I learned about my plant hardiness zone, If you look at this picture in the province of Ontario there is a city called greater Sudbury and just beside there is a big lake well beside that big lake there is a zone of light green which we live on the edge of that about.
I also learned a method Ive never herd of before on how to grow eating sprouts, which is when you put the seeds in a jar then fil the jar with water and rinse it every 24 hours.
I then learned about succulents, and then how to grow a lemon tree although I think it’s impossible in Canada as it’s to cold.
So to start with I am doing Horticulture (Gardening) in this section know and I already have an area for my garden planned out so beside my parts tractor which I have been taking apart so that the more valuable parts are stored inside so it looks different I put a tire of our Kubota M9540 which is where my garden is going to be. And it will be a handy spot because moms porta potty for click fork is right beside it!
Anyways I learned how to graph a tree which is when you cut all the little branches but one and take different varieties and put them in the bark to grow.
And dad was one step ahead! The year I started homeschool we had some pear tress, and apple trees that needed pruning so he thought me that and everything and know Mr. Dignam’s pruning lesson was like a review!
Today in science I started the agronomy (Farming) part of the course and it was a review of a lot of things because I’m a farmer and I think I watch a little to much YouTube in my spear time! But one thing I did learn about was sea salt farming!
So basically they let the water from the pacific ocean enter a bay then they go into thin pound to become crystalized then once they are ready. They use a road grader to make windrows just like a hay rake and then they harvest it with a neat machine!
Then since some of you may not no this (I know I do) Louisiana is the number one rice producer in the US.
Here is an older chart of things grown in Canada.
Then here is an inaccurate one of wheat production in Canada. There are a lot more wheat farms than that we live about a inch on a computer north from where the wheat ends and it still get’s produced further. It’s fairly inaccurate. But in the top provinces there is no where to farm there so the northern part is accurate. and we produce more than 1,000 bushels of wheat in our community.
Hello! So Mr. Dignam wanted me to write a 150 word essay on Roses and I need to find three variety’s that can be grown in my state (for me Province) but yeah.
So the first type of Roses is white and it’s called the Eden Climber, my second one is Yellow and its called the Graham Thomas, and third is the Pink nock out which is obviously pink.
So Roses also have a special meaning to their color like red ones represent love yellow represents friendship, pink means Gratitude, and last White means Purity.
Turns out there is an actual Rose fair that goes on every three years in the U.S. to see who can grow the best rose. In my mind I picture this event as a bunch of grandmas that look like Queen Elizabeth dressed in fancy clothes showing of there Roses.