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L’histoire de la culture de foin


Comment les cultures deviennent du foin.

En général, trois étapes sont nécessaires pour transformer une récolte verte en ce que l’on peut appeler du foin : la coupe, le séchage et la mise en balles. Ensuite, le foin doit être stocké correctement pour qu’il retienne les nutriments. Si le foin devient humide ou s’il est exposé au soleil, des nutriments peuvent être perdus.

Ceci était comment on récoltait le foin dans les 1800-1900:

Couper le foin

La coupe du foin a été et peut être effectuée de plusieurs manières.

À la main : Pendant des milliers d’années, le foin a été coupé avec des outils à main comme par exemple une faux.

Par machine hippomobile : Au XIXe siècle, de nombreuses machines permettant de couper le foin ont été inventées et pouvaient être tirées par des chevaux. 

Par une machine tirée par un tracteur : Lorsque les tracteurs ont été inventés, la faucheuse à foin a également été améliorée.

Séchage du foin.

Les agriculteurs utilisent le râteau à foin à la ferme durant les années 1900, créant des andains de séchage.

Le foin doit sécher avant de pouvoir être mis en balles. Lorsque le foin est coupé, les agriculteurs le laissent dans le champ et le laissent sécher partiellement. Ensuite, le fermier ratisse le foin dans ce qu’on appelle des andains. La pluie peut endommager le foin le plus à ce stade. La pluie ralentit le processus de séchage, et trop de pluie peut faire que le foin commence à se gâter dans le champ.

Mise en balles de foin

Le premier équipement de mise en balles de foin a été inventé à la fin des années 1800. Ces premières presses à balles étaient stationnaires et le foin devait y venir. Le foin était transporté à la main dans des wagons qui transportaient ensuite le foin vers ces premières presses à balles, où la machine pressait le foin en balles carrées. Dans les années 1930, l’équipement de mise en balles de foin pouvait être tiré par des tracteurs et ramasser le foin du sol. Cela a permis à l’agriculteur d’économiser beaucoup de temps et d’énergie!

Stockage du foin

L’empilage est la plus ancienne méthode de stockage du foin, et différentes parties du monde ont empilé le foin différemment. Dans la prairie de l’Iowa dans les années 1840 et 1850, ces cheminées servaient parfois de logement pour les animaux. Au fur et à mesure que la ferme s’améliore, de plus grandes granges étaient construites qui peuvent stocker plus que des outils et des semences. Les grandes granges contenaient souvent d’énormes quantités de foin empilées au centre. En 1900, le foin en vrac était entreposé dans la grange. Le foin était transporté par chariot à la grange où il serait mis dans le grenier à foin.

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RPC Science 6 Lesson 75


Howdy! Here is what I learned today in science!

So to start of with I learned about my plant hardiness zone, If you look at this picture in the province of Ontario there is a city called greater Sudbury and just beside there is a big lake well beside that big lake there is a zone of light green which we live on the edge of that about.

I also learned a method Ive never herd of before on how to grow eating sprouts, which is when you put the seeds in a jar then fil the jar with water and rinse it every 24 hours.

I then learned about succulents, and then how to grow a lemon tree although I think it’s impossible in Canada as it’s to cold.

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RPC Science 6 Lesson 65


Howdy! Here is what I learned in science today!

So to start with I am doing Horticulture (Gardening) in this section know and I already have an area for my garden planned out so beside my parts tractor which I have been taking apart so that the more valuable parts are stored inside so it looks different I put a tire of our Kubota M9540 which is where my garden is going to be. And it will be a handy spot because moms porta potty for click fork is right beside it!

Anyways I learned how to graph a tree which is when you cut all the little branches but one and take different varieties and put them in the bark to grow.

And dad was one step ahead! The year I started homeschool we had some pear tress, and apple trees that needed pruning so he thought me that and everything and know Mr. Dignam’s pruning lesson was like a review!

That’s it for today!

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Schoolwork Science

RPC Science 6 Lesson 56


Howdy Here is today’s essay!

Today in science I started the agronomy (Farming) part of the course and it was a review of a lot of things because I’m a farmer and I think I watch a little to much YouTube in my spear time! But one thing I did learn about was sea salt farming!

So basically they let the water from the pacific ocean enter a bay then they go into thin pound to become crystalized then once they are ready. They use a road grader to make windrows just like a hay rake and then they harvest it with a neat machine!

Then since some of you may not no this (I know I do) Louisiana is the number one rice producer in the US.

Here is an older chart of things grown in Canada.

Wheat | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Then here is an inaccurate one of wheat production in Canada. There are a lot more wheat farms than that we live about a inch on a computer north from where the wheat ends and it still get’s produced further. It’s fairly inaccurate. But in the top provinces there is no where to farm there so the northern part is accurate. and we produce more than 1,000 bushels of wheat in our community.

Canada's Wheat Production change by Years - North America FarmQuip Magazine

Here is a corn production chart in the us.

US Crops – Where Are They Grown? | Alberta.ca

And that’s it for today folks!

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RPC Public Speaking Lesson 35


Howdy here is my speech let me know if you like the intro thanks.

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Schoolwork Science

RPC Science 6 lesson 40


Hello! So Mr. Dignam wanted me to write a 150 word essay on Roses and I need to find three variety’s that can be grown in my state (for me Province) but yeah.

So the first type of Roses is white and it’s called the Eden Climber, my second one is Yellow and its called the Graham Thomas, and third is the Pink nock out which is obviously pink.

So Roses also have a special meaning to their color like red ones represent love yellow represents friendship, pink means Gratitude, and last White means Purity.

Turns out there is an actual Rose fair that goes on every three years in the U.S. to see who can grow the best rose. In my mind I picture this event as a bunch of grandmas that look like Queen Elizabeth dressed in fancy clothes showing of there Roses.

The End!

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RPC Science 6 Lesson 35


Howdy!

First of all today I learned that the national tree of Ontario (my province I live in) is the Eastern White Pine. And I already new this but Ontario’s provincial follower is the Trillium.

Then I also learned that if you trap a mouse in a bottle and close the lid but with live plants in there and have a good sun bean going towards the plants the mouse will live!

Then I learned that apparently celery is a fruit!?!?!

And that is it for today!

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Schoolwork Science

RPC Science 6 Lesson 30


Howdy! Here’s what I learned about today.

So first of all I learned about fossils, I learned how there formed, and how long it takes which is a few 10 thousand years. A fossil is first formed when a animal gets caught in a flood then get trapped in to sediment rocks and awaits to be found in a few ten thousand years.

I then learned about dinosaurs and some little things like for example I thought all dinosaurs are huge but according to Mr. Dignam the average dinosaur is the size of a lamb.

I then learned about the sediment layers at the grand canyon and how six of them almost go completely across the US.

The end!

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Schoolwork Science

RPC Science 6 Lesson 25


Heidi ho! Here is what I learned today.

So to start of with I learned more about volcanoes like MT ST Hellen which had one of the biggest explosions of all time in north America.

I also learned about super volcanoes which are basically the next level of volcanoes. For example there is one in Italy.

I then learned about ice climbing and anyways I learned three different ways to rescue someone that falls in a crevasse but I don’t think ill ever need to do something like that but you never know.

And that is the end for this lesson!

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Schoolwork Science

RPC Science 6 Lesson 20


Hello! Here is what I learned in science today.

So first of all I learned more about topographic maps like how to design one and laser print one.

I also learned a bit about the center of the earth and how it works also why there are all of these strange things inside of it like mammoth mushrooms, underground oceans and salt beds.

Somethin Ordinary: 2009

I also learned about how the earth moves so that’s why over the course of year the land separated to create continents. I also learned how volcanoes eruption cycles work.

And that is the end of this lesson!