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History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 100


Hello! Today Mr.Livingston wanted me to do this: Summarize each of the inventions you studied this week and how they impacted history. Also, explain the most interesting thing you learned this week, and why.

The three inventions and one inventor I learned about where: The Compound Microscope, William Gilbert, The Newspaper, and the Telescope.

The Compound Microscope. Sometime about the year 1590, two Dutch spectacle makers, Zaccharias Janssen and his father Hans started experimenting with these lenses. They put several lenses in a tube and made a very important discovery. … They had just invented the compound microscope (which is a microscope that uses two or more lenses).

William Gilbert. William Gilbert (1544-1603) was an English scientist and physician who is credited by many as the “father of electricity and magnetism”. Born on May 24, 1544 into an affluent family in Colchester, Essex, Gilbert attended Cambridge University where he earned a Bachelor’s Degree in 1561.

The Newspaper. Newspapers Worldwide. One of the earliest publications that could be described as a daily newspaper appeared in Rome around 69 B.C. It was a primitive news sheet called Acta Diurna (acts of the day) and described the activities of the Roman Senate. Another early newspaper appeared in the Germanic states of the 1500s.

The Telescope.

The telescope was first patented in 1608 Dutch eyeglass maker Hans Lippershey (or Lipperhey) is widely credited as the first person to patent a telescope in 1608. His device, called a kijker (“looker”), was, according to Hans, able to magnify an image up to three times.

That’s it!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 95


Hello! This Mr.Livinston assigned me to do this: Summarize each of the inventions you studied this week and how they impacted history. Also, explain the most interesting thing you learned this week, and why .

  1. The Mercator Projection Map. The Mercator projection was originally developed in 1569 by the Flemish cartographer Gerardus Mercator. At this time, many of Europe’s top cartographers and explorers used elliptical projections derived from Ptolemy’s latitude and longitude grid.
  2. Gerardus Mercator. Gerardus Mercator, original name Gerard De Cremer, or Kremer?, (born March 5, 1512, Rupelmonde, Flanders [now in Belgium]—died December 2, 1594, Duisburg, Duchy of Cleve [Germany]), Flemish cartographer whose most important innovation was a map, embodying what was later known as the Mercator projection.
  3. Tycho Brahe. Tycho Brahe, (born December 14, 1546, Knudstrup, Scania, Denmark—died October 24, 1601, Prague), Danish astronomer whose work in developing astronomical instruments and in measuring and fixing the positions of stars paved the way for future discoveries.
  4. The Backstaff. Backstaff is the name given to any instrument that measures the altitude of the sun by the projection of a shadow. Invented by John Davis in the 16th century, it became a useful tool for navigators at sea. The backstaff was a navigational tool that measured altitude using the sun.

My favorite was probably Gerardus Mercator because his name sound very familiar to my pepere’s name (pepere is grandpa in french). My pepere’s name is Gerard but the adults call him Jerry. My pepere is very funny and always makes jokes. Now pepere and me go to Sudbury (where the big Nickel is) and deliver the Click fork orders for my mom and we always have tons of fun. My mom business is an online farmers market that is basted for north-east of ontario. It’s technically our farms side business that lets us add an S to Dalew FarmS.

That’s it!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 L90


Hello! Here is my essay from Mr.Livingston: Summarize each of the inventions you studied this week and how they impacted history. Also, explain the most interesting thing you learned this week, and why.

The four inventors and inventions I learned about this week are: The Heliocentric Theory in lesson 86,
in Lesson 87 I learned about Nicolaus Copernicus,
in Lesson 88I learned about the great Andreas Vesalius,
and in Lesson 89 I probably learned about one of the greatest inventions of all time the pencil.

The Heliocentric Theory. In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus detailed his radical theory of the Universe in which the Earth, along with the other planets, rotated around the Sun. … Galileo discovered evidence to support Copernicus’ heliocentric theory when he observed four moons in orbit around Jupiter.

Nicolaus Copernicus. Polish astronomer Copernicus is born. On February 19, 1473, Nicolaus Copernicus is born in Torun, a city in north-central Poland on the Vistula River. The father of modern astronomy, he was the first modern European scientist to propose that Earth and other planets revolve around the sun.

Andreas Vesalius. Andreas Vesalius (1514-1564) Andreas Vesalius was born on 31 December 1514 in Brussels, Belgium, then part of the Holy Roman Empire. He came from a family of physicians and both his father and grandfather had served the holy Roman emperor.

The Pencil. The modern pencil was invented in 1795 by Nicholas-Jacques Conte, a scientist serving in the army of Napoleon Bonaparte. The magic material that was so appropriate for the purpose was the form of pure carbon that we call graphite.

That’s it hope you enjoyed!


Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 L85


Hello! Here is my assignment from Mr.Livingston: Summarize each of the inventions and inventors you studied this week and how they impacted history. Also, explain the most interesting thing you learned this week, and why.

I learned about the Mariner’s Astrolabe, The Double Entry Bookkeeping, Luca Pacioli, and Leonardo Da Vinci.

The Mariner’s Astrolabe. The mariner’s astrolabe was an navigation tool used for taking the altitude of the sun or stars. Its history dates as far back as the Ancient Period and into Medieval Period. Its name means “to take a star” or “star taker.” The mariner’s astrolabe was the preferred instrument for more than 200 years.

Double Entry Bookkeeping. Double entry bookkeeping system first invented in Italy by a church father who’s named Luca Bartolomes Pacioli. He was the mathematician and contemporary of Leonardo Da Vinci. He wrote a book which name was “Summa de Arithmetica, geometry, proportions et proportionalità”. This book called Accounting bible.

Luca Pacioli. Fra Luca Bartolomeo de Pacioli (sometimes Paccioli or Paciolo; c. 1447 – 19 June 1517) was an Italian mathematician, Franciscan friar, collaborator with Leonardo da Vinci, and an early contributor to the field now known as accounting.

Leonardo Da Vinci this inventor was my favorite out of the four inventions I learned about this week because I like his name and he has a nice goatee. Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) was born in Anchiano, Tuscany (now Italy), close to the town of Vinci that provided the surname we associate with him today. In his own time he was known just as Leonardo or as “Il Florentine,” since he lived near Florence and was famed as an artist, inventor and thinker.

And that’s it for this essay!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 80


Hello! Here is my assignment from Mr.Livingston Summarize each of the inventions you studied this week and how they impacted history. Also, explain the most interesting thing you learned this week, and why.

The Four inventions I learned about where Chess, The Erebus, The Printing Press, and the Mainspring.

Chess. The history of chess goes back almost 1500 years. The game originated in northern India in the 6th century AD and spread to Persia. When the Arabs conquered Persia, chess was taken up by the Muslim world and subsequently, through the Moorish conquest of Spain, spread to Southern Europe.

The Erebus. HMS Erebus was built by the Royal Navy in Pembroke Dockyard, Wales in 1826. When her career as a bomb vessel came to an end, Terror became a ship of exploration. She ventured north to the Arctic in 1836, under the command of George Back, where she suffered heavy ice damage in the aptly-named Frozen Strait.

The Printing Press. Goldsmith and inventor Johannes Gutenberg was a political exile from Mainz, Germany when he began experimenting with printing in Strasbourg, France in 1440. He returned to Mainz several years later and by 1450, had a printing machine perfected and ready to use commercially: The Gutenberg press.

The Mainspring. Mainsprings appeared in the first spring-powered clocks, in 15th-century Europe. It replaced the weight hanging from a cord wrapped around a pulley, which was the power source used in all previous mechanical clocks. Around 1400 coiled springs began to be used in locks, and many early clockmakers were also locksmiths.

And that’s it hope you enjoyed!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 75


Hello! My assignment from Mr.Livinstong is to suceriez each invention I learned about in this week.

The four inventions I learned about are The Spurs, Englist Longbow, Blast Furnace, and Plate Armour.

One Thing I can tell you about this week in History was that it had a lot to do with military so let’s get started!

Spurs. The revolving rowel used in modern western spurs probably originated in France. A roweled spur was shown upon the Seal of Henry III of England who lived from 1207 to 1272. … During the age of chivalry, spurs became an emblem of rank. Gold or gilded spurs were only worn by knights or royalty.

The English Longbow. The English longbow was a powerful medieval type of longbow (a tall bow for archery) about 6 ft (1.8 m) long used by the English and Welsh for hunting and as a weapon in warfare. … More than 3,500 arrows and 137 whole longbows were recovered from the Mary Rose, a ship of Henry VIII’s navy that sank at Portsmouth in 1545.

Blast Furnace.

Cast iron has been found in China dating to the 5th century BC, but the earliest extant blast furnaces in China date to the 1st century AD and in the West from the High Middle Ages. They spread from the region around Namur in Wallonia (Belgium) in the late 15th century, being introduced to England in 1491.

Plate Armour. At first I was wondering armour made out of plates but then when I watched the video it made sence. While there are early predecessors such as the Roman-era lorica segmentata, full plate armour developed in Europe during the Late Middle Ages, especially in the context of the Hundred Years’ War, from the coat of plates worn over mail suits during the 14th century.

And that’s it for this essay!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 70


Hello! Here is my assignment from Mr.Livingston! Summarize each of the inventions you studied this week and how they impacted history. Also, explain the most interesting thing you learned this week, and why.

I learned about the Spectacles, mechanical clocks, paper mills, and Robert Grosseteste.

Spectacles. The first inventor of wearable glasses is unknown. However, the Romans first discovered the ability to use to glass to enhance their ability to see small text, creating small magnifying glasses with spheres. The first wearable glasses known to history appeared in Italy during the 13th century which were known as spectacles which also mean crowd in french.

The Mechanical Clock. The first mechanical clocks, employing the verge escapement mechanism with a foliot or balance wheel timekeeper, were invented in Europe at around the start of the 14th century, and became the standard timekeeping device until the pendulum clock was invented in 1656. Which I thought would of been way older than that.

Paper Mills. A paper mill is a factory devoted to making paper from vegetable fibres such as wood pulp, old rags, and other ingredients. Prior to the invention and adoption of the Fourdrinier machine and other types of paper machine that use an endless belt, all paper in a paper mill was made by hand, one sheet at a time, by specialized laborers.

Robert Grosseteste. Grosseteste was born into a humble Anglo-Norman family in the county of Suffolk in England. He first appears in the historical record as a witness to a charter of the Bishop of Lincoln, written between 1189 and 1192. His title of master of arts indicates that he had acquired sufficient learning to be entitled to teach. And know I ask myself another question. Did the sheep breed Suffolk get named after the county of suffolk?

And that’s it!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 65


Here is my assignment from mr.Livingston! Describe each of the inventions studied in the course this week and how they impacted history. Also write about the most interesting thing you learned, and why.

I learned about buttons not buttons on your computer but clothing buttons, Oil Painting, Cannons, and the Spinning Wheel.

So the clothing button was invented about 50 years before The Little Ice Age, but never got popular until the little ice age came because the old ways of ting their clothes let to much hot air get out wich would make them cold then the buttons got popular. back in the medieval times you could get buttons made out of wood, metal, silver, and gold.

Oil Painting. Before Oil painting came people used egg yolk and pigment or mucus to make paint and they crunch sapphires in to little pieces too make blue paint. Then once Oil painting came along they still used things like Sapphires to make color but the new form of paint was more efficient.

The Cannon. Before the Cannon came catapults and trebuchets were the only heavy military weapons then they invented the cannon which was a ball or rock shot out of a bell like tube that was powered by gunpowder cannons had been very popular for a very long time. But once hier military inventions came like the misssle it grew lest popular as they did not need the cannon anymore.

The Spinning Wheel. Thanks to the Spinning Wheel in pioneer times they were able to make clothes 10x times faster than the wool strings when before the Spinning Wheel it was the wool strings that where ten times faster to make.

And that’s the end of this essay thank you for reading!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 60


Hello! here is my assignment from Mr.Livingston! Describe each of the inventions you studied in this course this week, and how they impacted history.

Here are the four inventions I learned about: The Trebuchet, Distilled Spirits, the Vertical Windmill, and the stern mounted router.

The Trebuchet: It is a type of catapult that uses a long arm to throw a projectile. It was a common powerful power of the engine until the advent of gunpowder.

And before we get two Distilled Spirits look at this meme!

Distilled Spirits: Distilled Spirits where rather called Vodka, Whisky, WIne or etc. The Distilled Spirits were made by evaporating the alcohol inside a bottle of water and alcohol but they only evaporated the alcohol then the steam would go down a funnel like tube. Which then led to a second bottle that had could water pouring on top of the bottle to cool it down then thanks to the cold water the Distilled water was more concentrated.

The Vertical windmill: This windmills very first version was very unstable and made out of wood. The base of the old windmills looked like houses with a second tall house on top of it. The i bet you on very windy days some of does windmills would collapse.

The Mounted Router. Thanks to the mounted router the wright brothers were able to steer their plane which has now lead to our modern day planes. Then the Wright brothers first had the idea to put a mounted router on their plane when they seen on many boats that had those from the 1300 AD to current time.

And that’s it for this wonderful essay!

One last thing.

Me: The Wright brothers plane crashed do you want to now why?

Emma: Yes.

Me: The wrong brothers where trying to fly it!

Categories
History Schoolwork

RPC History 4 Lesson 55


Hello! Today I shall do this assignment Mr.Livingston gave me: Summarize each of the four inventions you learned about in this course this week and explain their impact on history.

So too start of with here are the four things I learned about Universities, the Wine press, the Ribbed Vault, and the Chimney.

The Ancient Rome universities were mainly made for Bishops too learn how to write, and read. And before Ancient Rome collapsed a lot of the rich Romans went to universities and schools until Ancient Rome collasped.

The Wine Press. The wine press was first invented around 1000 AD by the Roman monks. After the Roman Empire collapsed the Roman farmers did not have enough money to make wine so then they payed just a little bit of money to the monks to use their Wine Press and then they still made a lot of money even though they had to pay some money to the monks.

The Ribbed Vault. A rib vault is an architectural feature used to cover a large interior space in a building, usually the nave of a church or cathedral, in which the surface of the vault is divided into webs

The Chimney. The Chimney is used to heat homes. The Chimney first triggered to become popular after the Romans discovered concrete. The more rich Roman had houses that had a room that was roofeles they made fires and the smoke would go up into the air. But then when the little Ice Age came many people died and that’s when the chimney saves many lives!

And that’s it for this essay!